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What Is The Difference Between an Osteopath and a Chiropractor?

Osteopaths and chiropractors share a number of similarities. For example, they both take a holistic view of the body and its various systems. 

A chiropractor focuses on the neuromusculoskeletal system and uses specific manual adjustments and manipulations to restore proper spinal alignment and improve function with flow on benefits to other areas of the body.

In this post, we answer the question, what is the difference between an osteopath and a chiropractor, and also touch on some of the similarities between these 2 healthcare professionals. 

We look at their respective treatment approaches, educational pathways, diagnostic methods, and the range of conditions they address.

Differences in Treatment Approaches Between Osteopathy and Chiropractic

Osteopaths and chiropractors both view the body holistically, which means they consider the interconnectedness of all its various systems.

Osteopaths take the approach that optimal health is achieved when the musculoskeletal system, nervous system, and other bodily systems function harmoniously.

Osteopathic treatment involves manual techniques such as stretching, massage, and manipulation to restore balance within the body, enhance circulation, and alleviate pain. Osteopaths may also provide lifestyle advice, including recommendations for diet, exercise, and stress management.


Chiropractors primarily focus on the spine and its impact on overall health from the perspective that dysfunction in the spine can disrupt nerve function, leading to a variety of health issues.

Chiropractic treatment involves manual spinal adjustments, where precise forces are applied to the spine to correct dysfunctions and improve spinal function. By restoring proper function, chiropractors aim to alleviate pain, enhance mobility, and optimise the body’s ability to heal itself.

Like osteopaths, chiropractors also often incorporate lifestyle modifications and rehabilitative exercises into their treatment plans.

Educational Pathways for Osteopaths and Chiropractors

Both osteopaths and chiropractors are highly trained specialist healthcare professionals who have undertaken many years of study to obtain their relevant degrees.

UK Osteopath Qualifications:

In the UK osteopaths must complete a five-year Master’s degree (MOst) in osteopathy. They must also be registered with the General Osteopathic Council (GOsC) to practise as an osteopath.

Their education covers a broad range of subjects, including:

  • Anatomy
  • Physiology
  • Pathology
  • Pharmacology
  • Osteopathic principles and techniques

UK Chiropractic Qualifications:

A chiropractor in the UK must complete a 4-5 year accredited Master’s degree (MChiro or MSc) recognised by the General Chiropractic Council (GCC). They must also be registered with the GCC to practise as a chiropractor in the UK.

This degree encompasses both theoretical and clinical training and includes coursework in:

  • Anatomy,
  • Physiology,
  • Neurology,
  • Radiology, and
  • Chiropractic techniques.

Both chiropractic and osteopathic training emphasise a holistic understanding of the body and hands-on manual therapy skills. This allows them to diagnose and treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions.

Diagnostic Methods Employed by Osteopaths and Chiropractors

Osteopaths and chiropractors employ a variety of diagnostic methods, including physical examinations, palpation, orthopaedic tests, neurological assessments and assessment of posture and movement patterns.

They may also utilise diagnostic imaging such as X-rays or MRI scans to aid in diagnosis and treatment planning.

Conditions Treated by Osteopaths and Chiropractors

Osteopaths treat a wide range of musculoskeletal conditions, including back pain, neck pain, joint stiffness, muscle tension, and sports injuries. They also provide care for conditions affecting other bodily systems, such as digestive disorders, and respiratory ailments.

Chiropractors specialise in the diagnosis and treatment of musculoskeletal disorders, with a particular focus on spinal health. Common conditions addressed by chiropractors include:

Aches & pains

  • Neck pain
  • Back pain
  • Shoulder pain
  • Hip pain
  • Knee pain
  • Elbow pain
  • Wrist pain
  • Muscle pain


  • Poor Posture
  • Headaches
  • Migraines
  • Vertigo & Dizziness
  • Tension
  • Stiffness
  • Inability to relax


  • Muscle spasms
  • Cramps
  • Sports injuries
  • Rotator Cuff injuries
  • Ankle sprains


Conclusion: Understanding the Difference Between Osteopathy and Chiropractic

Osteopathy and chiropractic are both holistic healthcare professions that aim to optimise health and wellbeing, albeit through different approaches. 

Osteopaths focus on restoring blood flow within the body using manual techniques and lifestyle interventions. 

Chiropractors concentrate on correcting spinal dysfunction to enhance nervous system function with flow-on benefits for overall health.

Both disciplines offer valuable treatment options for musculoskeletal conditions and contribute to the comprehensive care of patients.

Josh Wymer

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